Conditions & Treatments

Boomerang Healthcare is dedicated to fully educating patients about various options for pain management.  We want to partner with you on your diagnosis and treatment and encourage you to learn more about the various sources of pain, conditions we treat, services we provide and procedure options.

This condition is an irritation or compression of one or more nerve roots in the cervical spine. Because these nerves travel to the shoulders, arms and hands, an injury in the cervical spine can cause symptoms in these areas. Cervical radiculopathy may result from a variety of problems with the bones and tissues of the cervical spinal column. Common causes of Cervical radiculopathy are herniated disks, degenerative disc disease, and spinal stenosis. Symptoms may include pain, weakness, numbness and tingling, and may vary depending on the level of the injury.

Cervical Spinal Stenosis affects the spinal nerves in your neck. It’s a narrowing of the spinal canal. That’s the space your spinal nerves travel through. In a healthy spine, the spinal canal protects these nerves. It keeps them free from injury. But with spinal stenosis, the spinal canal is too narrow, and your nerves get compressed. Spinal stenosis can happen because of disease or injury. Your spinal canal can be narrowed by bone spurs, a bulging disc, or thickened ligaments. Your symptoms depend on which nerves are involved, and how badly they’re compressed. Symptoms include pain, numbness or weakness, problems with balance and coordination, and problems with your bladder or bowels.

This condition is a weakening of one or more vertebral discs, which normally act as a cushion between the vertebrae. This condition can develop as a natural part of the aging process, but it may also result from injury to the back. Some people experience pain, numbness or tingling in the legs. Strong pain tends to come and go. Bending, twisting and sitting may make the pain worse. Lying down relieves pressure on the spine.

Facet joint syndrome is an arthritis-like condition of the spine that can be a significant source of back and neck pain. It is caused by degenerative changes to the joints between the spine bones. The cartilage inside the facet joint can break down and become inflamed, triggering pain signals in nearby nerve endings. Medication, physical therapy, joint injections, nerve blocks, and nerve ablations may be used to manage symptoms. Chronic symptoms may require surgery to fuse the joint.

A herniated disk refers to a problem with one of the rubbery cushions (disks) that sit between the individual bones (vertebrae) that stack to make your spine. A herniated disc can be caused by the normal wear and tear of aging, traumatic injury, and heavy lifting. A herniated disk presses against nerves in your spine. This can cause pain, numbness, weakness and tingling. You may feel these in your buttocks, leg or foot. A herniation in your cervical spine can cause problems in your neck, shoulders, arms and hands.

This condition is an irritation or compression of one or more nerve roots in the lumbar spine. Because these nerves travel to the hips, buttocks, legs and feet, an injury in the lumbar spine can cause symptoms in these areas. Sciatica may result from a variety of problems with the bones and tissues of the lumbar spinal column. Common causes of Sciatica are herniated disks, degenerative disc disease, and spinal stenosis. Symptoms may include pain, weakness, numbness and tingling, and may vary depending on the level of the injury.

This condition, also called “failed back surgery syndrome,” is a type of chronic pain. This pain most often develops in some people after spine surgery. After a laminectomy, a procedure to relieve pressure on spinal nerves, bone or soft tissue may still press on nerves and scar tissue may form. Symptoms may include pain in your back at the site of your surgery. The pain may also radiate down to your buttock and leg. This pain may feel sharp, or it may feel dull and achy.

The spinal column contains open spaces that create passageways for the spinal cord and the spinal nerves. Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of (or an intrusion into) these openings. This can cause a compression of the nerves. Stenosis is commonly caused by an excess growth of bone around the spinal nerves. This excess bone growth often results from osteoarthritis. Stenosis can also result from a dislocation or a fracture of the vertebral bone. Symptoms of spinal stenosis can vary depending on the location and severity of the problem. Spinal stenosis can cause pain, weakness, numbness and tingling in the arms and legs.

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic (lasting greater than six months) pain condition that most often affects one limb (arm, leg, hand, or foot) usually after an injury.  CRPS is believed to be caused by damage to, or malfunction of, the peripheral and central nervous systems. CRPS is characterized by prolonged or excessive pain and changes in skin color, temperature, and/or swelling in the affected area. Some treatments for CRPS include rehabilitation and physical therapy, psychotherapy, medication, injections, and in some cases surgery.

Orofacial pain refers to a variety of unpleasant physical sensations involving the muscles, bones or joints of the face and mouth. Common causes of orofacial pain are migraine headaches, Involuntary muscle spasms in the head, jaw or neck, complications following certain surgeries, missing teeth, excessive tooth decay or gum disease, and injury to the face or jaw. Symptoms of orofacial pain include, a dull or sharp pain around or behind the eyes, a nearly constant ache deep in the jaw; clicking or locking of the jaw; persistent headaches and pain while chewing, speaking or swallowing.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that’s triggered by a terrifying event — either experiencing it or witnessing it. Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event. PTSD symptoms are generally grouped into four types: intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in physical and emotional reactions. Symptoms can vary over time or vary from person to person.

Knee pain can be caused by a sudden injury, an overuse injury, or by an underlying condition, such as arthritis. Treatment will vary depending on the cause. Symptoms of a knee injury can include pain, swelling, and stiffness. One of the most common types of knee injury is a torn meniscus. Any activity that causes you to forcefully twist or rotate your knee, especially when putting your full weight on it, can lead to a torn meniscus. Symptoms of a torn meniscus include a popping sensation, swelling or stiffness, and the feeling of your knee giving way.  

One of the most common causes of shoulder pain is a rotator cuff injury. The two main causes of rotator cuff injuries is trauma and degeneration. An injury to the rotator cuff, such as a tear, may happen suddenly when falling on an outstretched hand. It may also develop over time due to repetitive activities that put stress on the shoulders. Rotator cuff tears may also happen due to aging, with degeneration of the tissues. Symptoms of a rotator cuff injury include shoulder pain when lifting objects, shoulder pain when sleeping on your injured side, grating or cracking sounds when moving your arm, limited ability to move your arm, and muscle weakness.

Back pain is a very common condition that may affect all areas or be isolated to certain regions of the lower, middle, and upper back. Muscular problems, degenerative disc disease, and arthritis are some common causes of back pain. Back pain can have many symptoms, including a dull aching sensation in the lower back, a stabbing or shooting pain that can radiate down the leg to the foot, an inability to stand up straight without pain, a decreased range of motion and diminished ability to flex the back.

Neck pain or stiffness may be caused by a variety of reasons including but not limited to muscle tension and strain, injury, arthritis, osteoporosis, and fibromyalgia. Muscle tension and strain in the neck can be cause by poor posture, sleeping in a bad position, and jerking your neck during exercise. Injuries to the neck also commonly occur in falls, lifting heavy objects, and sports, where the muscles and ligaments of the neck are forced to move outside of their normal range. Neck pain may cause numbness or tingling, muscle tightness and spasms, decreased ability to move your head, and headache.

Chronic pain is pain that is ongoing and usually lasts longer than six months. This type of pain can continue even after the injury or illness that caused it has healed or gone away. Pain signals remain active in the nervous system for weeks, months, or years. Some people suffer chronic pain even when there is no past injury or apparent body damage. Chronic pain is linked to conditions including nerve pain, back pain, fibromyalgia pain, Cancer pain, and arthritis.

Most cancer pain is caused by the tumor pressing on bones, nerves or other organs in the body. Sometimes pain is due to cancer treatment and procedures. Cancer pain may be nociceptive (affecting tissue) or neuropathic (affecting the nerves). Cancer patients may experience neck pain, back pain, and headaches. Initial pain may also induce muscle cramps, or being in bad positions and result in stress pain.

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